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Warhol Portraits 1928 - 1987 PDF Print E-mail

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Andy Warhol  1928 - 1987

1928 - Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the third child of his parents, Andrij (Andrew) Warhola and Ulja (Julia). His parents were working-class immigrants of Rusyn ethnicity from Miková, Slovakia. Warhol's father immigrated to the US in 1914, and his mother joined him in 1921. The family was Byzantine Catholic and attended St. John Chrysostom Byzantine Catholic Church. Andy’s 2 older brothers were born in Slovakia. 
1937 - In third grade, Warhol had St. Vitus' dance, a nervous system disease that causes involuntary movements of the extremities, which is believed to be a complication of scarlet fever and causes skin pigmentation blotchiness. He became a hypochondriac, developing a fear of hospitals and doctors. Often bed-ridden as a child, he became an outcast among his schoolmates and bonded strongly with his mother. He drew, listened to the radio and collected pictures of movie stars.
1942 – Death of his father from tuberculosis.
1945 - Studies commercial art at the School of Fine Arts at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. Works on layout of student newspaper and also as window dresser for Joseph Horne department store.
1949 - Moves to New York City where he shares apartment with Philip Perlstein and begins a successful career in magazine illustration (Glamour, vogue, the New Yorker, Harper’s Bazaar) and advertising. During the 1950s, he gained fame for his whimsical ink drawings of shoe advertisements. These were done in a loose, blotted ink style. Warhol also designs album covers for RCA Records.
1950 – Buys his first television set.
1952 – His mother moves in with him in apartment on East 75th St. Receives top prize from Art directors’ club for best press advertisement. First drawing exhibition at Hugo gallery.
1955 – Publishes his first portfolios (In Quest of the Lost Shoe) and starts using assistants for his numerous commissions.
1956 – Exhibition of gold leaf shoe drawings at Bodley gallery. 2nd Art directors’ prize.
1957 – 3rd Art directros’ prize. Has nose surgery.
1959 – Buys three story town house on Lexington Avenue and moves there with his mother.
1960 – Paints first pictures inspired by comic strips, meets future Factory denizen Billy Name.
1961 – Exhibits his new paintings in window of Bonwit Teller. Discovers Roy Lichensteins’ art at Leo Castelli gallery and realizes he is not the only one doing comic strip painting. Meets MoMA curator Henry Geldhazer. Castelli visits his studio but does not offer him a show. Los Angeles dealer Irving Blum is more interested.
1962 – Paints newspaper headlines and first Campbell soup cans. Uses more and more stencil technique for movie star portraits including first Marilyns. Exhibition at Blum’s Ferus gallery in Los Angeles (first West Coast pop art show). Shows in Sidney Janis’ “New Realists” show in New York and has his first NY solo show at the Stable Gallery. That winter a MoMA symposium will for the first time coin the term “Pop Art” for the new trends in New York.
1963 – Rents old fire station as studio on east 87th St. near Lexington. Meets Gerard Malanga who will become his foremost assistant. Uses press photos for his death series (Electric Chairs, Car Accidents) Starts using photo booth pictures for his paintings (Ethel Scull 36 times). Starts using Polaroid camera too and buys his first movie camera a Bolex 16mm. Liz and Elvis exhibition at Ferus gallery in LA. Dennis Hopper organizes a party in his honor where Andy meets his first movie stars. Moves to large loft space on East 47th St. where he installs the first “Factory” covered in aluminum foil.
1964 – First filmed portraits: the Screen Tests of his “Superstars” who will frequently act in his films: Babe Jane Holzer, Taylor Mead, Ondine. Makes Empire, Couch, Eat, 13 Most Beautiful Boys, 13 Most Beautiful Women, Blow Job etc… Buys tape recorder and begins taping the Superstars rambling on. Begins Jackie series shortly after the assassination of President Kennedy. Shows the Brillo Boxes at Stable gallery and the Disasters at Lleana Sonnabend’s gallery in Paris. First show at Leo Castelli gallery in New York.
1965 – Meets Paul Morissey who will direct most of his future feature films. New Superstars include Eddie Sedgwick, Brigit Berlin, and Ultra violet. Lou Reed and the members of the new rock group the Velvet Underground also become part of the Warhol scene. Travels to Paris to attend his Flowers exhibition at Sonnabend’s. Celebrity party at the Factory, guests include Judy Garland, Allen Ginsberg, Tennessee Williams, Montgomery Clift. First museum retrospective at Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia. Paintings have to be taken down when 4000 show up for opening.
1966 – Frequents new New York Bohemian hang out – Max’s Kansas City on Park Avenue. Ingrid Superstar appears at the Factory. Makes his first popular and commercial movie hit the Chelsea Girls. Founds Andy Warhol Films Inc. Covers the walls in the famous cow wallpaper for his 2nd show at Leo Castelli gallery.
1967 – Invited to Cannes film Festival for Chelsea Girls. Projection in the end cancelled. Meets local stars including Brigitte Bardot. Fred Hughes public relations man for the De Menil foundation named vice president of his film company. Joe Dalessandro, Candy Darling and Viva become Superstars. Exhibits in American pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal.
1968 – Factory moves to 33 Union Square. First European museum retrospective at Moderna Museet in Stockholm. Former groupie Valerie Solanas penetrates into Factory and shoots Andy on June 3. Operated in critical condition, spends 2 months recovering in hospital. Two days later Robert Kennedy shot in Los Angeles. On his release moves into Factory, a frequent visitor is Jed Johnson his future companion. Produces Lonesome Cowboys and Morissey’s Flesh.
1969 – Screening of Lonesome Cowboys provokes public scandal and FBI investigation. Filming of Morissey’s Trash. Publication of first issue of Interview a movie magazine by Warhol Enterprises Inc. Begins his art deco collection on trip to Paris.
1970 – Warhol retrospective exhibition at Pasadena Art Museum travels to Chicago, Eindhoven, Paris, London. Buys firs video camera and Big Shot Polaroid.
1971 – Whitney Museum retrospective. Designs Sticky Fingers album cover for the Rolling Stones. Buys house in Montauk, long Island, guests include Truman Capote and Jackie’s sister Lee Radziwill. Mother returns to Pittsburg. Takes on more and more portrait commissions for which he uses his Polaroid camera. Jest set figures replace the old Bohemian crowd at the Factory.
1972 – Limits film ventures to seriously go back to painting. Does Mao portraits shown at Basel art museum. Interview now run by Richard Berstein proves to be a great success. Morissey films Heat. Death of his mother.
1973 – Closes down Factory and moves his studio to 860 Broadway now to be known as the “Office”.
1974 – Major exhibition at Galliera museum in Paris of 150 giant portraits of Mao. Makes his first million from portrait commissions. Buys 5-storey townhouse on East 66th St. furnished in art deco style by Jed Johnson.
1975 – Publishes the Philosophy of Andy Warhol. Invited to dinner at the White House by President Ford, Meets Shah of Iran and the Empress Farah Diba.
1976 – Does Scull series. Exhibits Hammer and Sickles at Castelli’s. Makes his last film, Bad. Begins dictating his autobiography to Pat Hackett. Travels to Teheran to do Farah Diba’s portrait.
1977 – Frequents new NY discotheque, Studio 54.
1979 – Meets Joseph Beuys guru of German contemporary art in Dusseldorf. Portraits of the ‘70’s exhibition at the Whitney.
1980 – Commissioned to do 10 Portraits of Jews of the 20th Century by art dealer Ronald Feldman. Begins adding diamond powder to his paintings. Publishes POPism the Warhol 60’s. Launches program Andy Warhol’s TV on cable. Splits with Jed Johnson, new companion is John Gould.
1981 – New series include Dollar Signs, Knives, Crosses, guns. Does his photographic self portraits in drag.
1982 – Meets new generation of NY artists: Keith Haring, Kenny Scharf, Jean Michel Basquiat, Francesco Clemente, Sandro Chia, Julian Schnabel.
1983 – Collective works with Basquiat and Clemente presented by his Swiss dealer Bruno Bishofberger.
1984 – Moves studio and offices to old Electric station. Does Rorschach paintings and series based on Renaissance masterpieces.
1985 – MTV broadcasts Andy Warhol’s 15 Minutes, a program of Andy interviewing celebrities.
1986 – Camouflage paintings, including commemorative portrait of Beuys who dies in January. Dealer Alexander Iolas commissions Last Supper paintings for his Milan gallery and Munich dealer Bernd Klüser a portrait of Lenin.
1987 – Admitted to New York Hospital for a gall bladder operation on 20 February. Dies 2 days later of post- operational complications.  He is buried in Pittsburgh. 2000 people attend a commemorative mass at St Patrick’s cathedral.

Warhol's will dictated that his entire estate, with the exception of a few modest legacies to family members, would go to create a foundation dedicated to the "advancement of the visual arts." Warhol had so many possessions that it took Sotheby's nine days to auction his estate after his death; the auction grossed more than $20 million. His total estate was worth considerably more, in no small part due to shrewd investments over the years.
In 1987, in accordance for Warhol's will, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts was founded. The Foundation not only serves as the official Estate of Andy Warhol, but it also has a mission "to foster innovative artistic expression and the creative process" and is "focused primarily on supporting work of a challenging and often experimental nature.”
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